Regional Geography of Brazil


  1. Physical Characteristics
  2. Human Characteristics
  3. Economic Characteristics
  4. References

Physical Characteristics

The country of Brazil is located on the central and east side of South America. Brazil is a massive country and stretches from the amazon basin in the north all the way to massive waterfalls in southern South America. Brazil is the biggest country in South America and makes up 3.288 million mi2. BrazilŐs location is about equal to central and southern African in terms of latitude marks on a world map.

The cool thing about Brazil is that its landscape is extremely different in different parts of the country. Northern Brazil is apart of the worldŐs largest rainforest, the Amazon rainforest, while other parts of Brazil are completely different. Southeastern Brazil was once massive grasslands but has since been turned in to a very popular spot for humans to live. BrazilŐs mountains are all located on the eastern coast of Brazil, coincidentally, where most of the people in the country live.

Brazil has a very friendly climate and rarely do temperatures dip below 68 degrees. BrazilŐs dry season is from May to August and its wet season is from October to March. The summer for Brazil is from December to January. This is when peak temperatures can be found in Southern Brazil at around 100 degrees.



Human Characteristics 

As of 201, Brazil had a population of 212 million people. Most of Brazil is sparsely populated with a population density of 24.66 per square kilometer. The Largest city is Sao Paulo with about 12 million people. The entire metro area of Sao Paulo is estimated to be about 21 million people. Brazil has always been a country of rapid growth and has been heavily populated by young people. 62% of Brazilians are age 29 and younger.


The official language of Brazil is Portuguese and is spoken by most of the country. Brazil takes great pride in its unified language and has worked hard to teach Portuguese in every school in the country. The most popular religion in Brazil is Christianity and Roman Catholics have the most members throughout the country. The Roman Catholic churches are extremely important in every day life.


There are several ethnic groups that inhabit the country of Brazil. The Ňfirst  rowÓ is called the white people. This is made up of Portuguese, German, Italian, Arab, and Japanese. The Ňsecond rowÓ is made up of African, pardo, and indigenous Brazilians.

Economic Characteristics 

Brazil has the ninth largest economy in terms of nominal GDP. The service industry accounts for 67%, the financial industry accounts for 30%, and the agricultural industry makes up the last 3% of Brazil.


BrazilŐs top exports, in order, are oil seeds, mineral fuels, ores, machinery, meat, vehicles, and iron/steel. BrazilŐs mainly imports manufactured goods. The manufactured goods that Brazil imports are machinery, fuels, chemicals, and pharmaceutical products. The also import raw materials such as crude oil.


BrazilŐs gross national product increased to 1753529.01 BRL million in the fourth quarter of 2018. BrazilŐs GNP per captia is 15,160 ppp dollars. BrazilŐs GDP was recorded at 10,888 US Dollars. 



Submitted by Kirby LeBlanc on 4/12/19.